Super Sad True Love Story by Gary Shteyngart

This “comic” novel does not do itself any favors on page three. The first page contains only the title in all caps. It is horizontally centered and near the top of the page, but not too close to the top. This first page gives the feeling that you are in the hands of a professional, at least in the typesetting and layout department. The second page does nothing to dampen one’s spirits. The page is blank. A little breather after such a nicely displayed title is actually welcome. But then page three starts the story and, presumably, the comedy.

The chapter is titled “Do Not Go Gentle.” Okay, this brings up a pet peeve of mine. “Gentle” is really an adverb here, as it modifies “do go” and, therefore, it should be “gently” giving: “Do Not Go Gently.” This reminds me of Dirk Gently, a lead character for Douglas Adams. Maybe that is why that last word was changed to “gentle.” Or, it could be, that it is sort of like “do not go soft” meaning do not become soft. This theory is quickly blown away when the first sentence of Lenny’s diary concludes:

I am never going to die.

Lenny does not want to go gently.

Titles are minor. If you have been following the Tournament of Books, you will know that page three (misreported as page one) contains another turnoff. Lenny it turns out is on a plane from Rome to America. Who owns the jet? UnitedContinentalDeltamerican. Yep, it’s the old corporate conglomerate gag where you make fun of things like Time Warner which was a merger of, get this, Warner Communications, Inc. and Time, Inc. (and, technically, the assets of Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. which sort of kills the gag because it was not named Time Warner Turner; see also Viacom). This suggested to me that the book was going to be unfunny. Shteyngart presumably expected a different reaction as he uses the same shtick several more times in the novel, giving us things like AlliedWasteCVSCitigroup.

But wait, like a bad infomercial, there is more. On page three. Actually, that’s almost a quote except for the quip about the infomercial and the lack of a contraction. That’s not the bad part. The bad part is this:

We don’t die because our progeny lives on! The ritual passing of DNA, Mama’s corksrew curls, his granddaddy’s lower lip, ah buh-lieve thuh chil’ren ah our future. I’m quoting here from “The Greatest Love of All,” by 1980s pop diva Whitney Houston, track nine of her eponymous first LP.

The problem is not that this sentiment is insufficiently vacuous to warrant being satirized. It is. Shteyngart’s error is tap dancing along the lines of racial stereotypes (“chil’ren” and all) apparently for laughs. If she actually sang it as “quoted”, accuracy constitutes a defense. But she doesn’t. She ennunciates quite well, in fact. I know both because (a) I bought the album on cassette when it came out and (b) I just finished listening to it again to be sure I did not misremember. Alone, this means nothing. I may be hyper-sensitive, but it made me wary of further similar missteps. (And, again, this seemed sufficiently funny to the author to keep it up for another page; the bit continues on page four: “But what ah our chil’ren?”)

So, by the first page of story, I have at least two warnings that this book will occasionally be unfunny and, sometimes, offensively so. Shteyngart and I are off to a good start.

Lenny recently has met and fallen for Eunice Park. Eunice is a beautiful young woman while Lenny is 5′ 9”, 160 lbs balding man with a “gray, sunken battleship of a face.” Lenny’s sole means of attracting Eunice, a constant spender, is his financial prowess. This exploitative May-September relationship is the “love” part of the story. Arguably, it is also the “sad” part and the “true” part too.

Eunice is an American whose parents emigrated from Korea. The second chapter contains messages from “the Globalteens account of Eunice Park.” The title is: “Sometimes Life is Suck”. Eunice’s mother warns her to study and that boy’s are “extra.” The stereotype is not only of a Korean immigrant speaking poor English, but also of a mother who must secretly tell her daughter that she loves her because the father wants only to push her to strive for excellence. Shteyngart seems to be equal opportunity when it comes to having fun with ethnicity. Equality is good. But that first “quote” already had me wary, so any comedy was lost on me.

The thing about Shteyngart’s playing with stereotypes is that it saps some of his satire of any power. When he satirizes others’ playing off stereotypes, the wry knowingness that could lead to a chuckle is gone, or was for me, because I no longer fully trusted Shteyngart with this material. It is hard to effectively poke fun at something you are doing yourself. An example is the CGI critter, named Jeffrey Otter, which pops up on Lenny’s apparat to ask customs-type questions when he is re-entering the United States. (An apparat, by the way, is an umpteenth generation smartphone. Lenny starts out with an “old” apparat, an iPhone…hahaha…ha. Sigh. Good times.) Jeffrey Otter changes costumes, accents, and so forth depending on the expected audience. Sometimes he wears a sombrero, other times he calls Lenny “pa’dner”, that sort of thing. It seemed too easy and, particularly when Shteyngart was already playing the same sort of stereotypes for laughs, questionable at whom Shteyngart expected the reader to be laughing.

Super Sad True Love Story is a story. It is told partly through Lenny’s diary and partly through e-mail, text messages, and phone conversations, many of which do not include Lenny as a party, though often as a subject. The e-mail exchanged between Eunice Park and others in her age group sound plausibly realistic. An example:


Dear Precious Pony,

Sup, slut? I really wish you were here right now. I need someone to verbal with and Teens just ain’t cutting it. I’m so confused. I went up to Lucca with Ben (the Credit guy) and he was super nice, paid for all my meals and this gorgeous hotel room, took me for a walk around the city walls and to this insanely good osteria where everyone there knew him and we had a 200 euro wine. I kept thinking about how he would be the perfect boyfriend and I sweated his hot skinny bod. But all of a sudden I would tell him like for no reason that his feet smelled or that he was cross-eyed or his hair was receding (which was a total LIE), and he would get all intro on me, turn down the community access on his apparat so that I wouldn’t know where the fuck his mind was, and then just stare off into space. It’s not like we didn’t do it. We did. And it was all right. But right afterwards I started having this major bawling panic attack and he tried to comfort me, told me I looked slutty and that my Fuckability was 800+ (which it’s so NOT, because I can’t find anyone in Rome who can do Asian hair) but he couldn’t. I feel so much shame.

The downside of the realism is that, to the extent it sounds like teens or early twenty-something girls with empty heads, the e-mail is best skimmed for exposition (the reason they are included in the first place).

I am obviously grumpy. If you were not turned off by the page three humor, then you might enjoy the very detailed world-building that Shteyngart has undertaken. His Rome and New York, mostly New York, is recognizably unrecognizable. The Chinese own most of the United States. As the quote above indicates, everyone’s train of thought is available to the world unless you “turn down the community access” on your apparat. This is a world of little privacy and a disintegrating United States of America. Self-worth is based primarily on fuckability and credit ratings. Large conglomerates have taken over major aspects of security operations both within and without the United States and those conglomerates cut deals with both the American government and foreign governments to maximize their profits.

Shteyngart never drops the ball in maintaining the consistency of this alternate universe or in providing a feel for what it is like to be a member of the upper-middle class in the SSTLS world. I have little doubt that most of his vision made it onto the page. This is an achievement even if I did not find it terribly fun. I also had trouble caring about the characters. In significant part, that is because his characters had little depth of feeling for each other. They were incredibly shallow.

Lenny plays Humbert Humbert to Eunice’s Lolita. He worships the roughly two decades younger Eunice for her beauty and condescends to her because she is young and shallow. Depending on the circumstances, he treats her as either a sex doll or a child who needs his protection. Essentially, he projects onto her what he needs her to be. Meanwhile, Eunice is a sexual striver. She uses her sexuality to attract the highest credit rating she can find in a surrogate father.

The primary hope ought to be that both Lenny and Eunice mature and find someone more compatible. Lenny is too taken with both Eunice’s physical attractiveness and her need for a protector to let the relationship go. Eunice seems more likely to leave, but won’t unless she can find a bigger yuan-pegged financial portfolio. There is little love in this love story and none of it true.

Lenny also has professional worries. He is a salesman in the life extension business. The plan for not dying is to earn enough to buy some of his company’s treatments. It is a nice little irony that Lenny cannot afford the thing he is desperate both to sell and to have. The obstacles to success are two-fold. First, Lenny is not a great salesman. Second, the world is falling apart. Between the plots to kill his friends, the riots in Tompkins Park, and the collapse of the American economy, Lenny will seem lucky to hold onto enough to keep Eunice and a roof over his head. Unfortunately, I was not very interested to find out whether he managed a win in any area of his life.

If the starter jokes were funnier to you than to me, there is much in this book you will like and you will probably be more open to emotional engagement with the characters. SSTLS and I tripped over each other out of the gate and never regained our balance. I was probably looking for things not to like after page three. I certainly found such things. This is a book for a particular audience. I am not in it.

15 Responses to Super Sad True Love Story by Gary Shteyngart

  1. Trevor says:

    I really disliked the excerpt I read in last year’s New Yorker, for some of the same reasons you indicate (not others only because I never read the book, or they would have bothered me too — except for “do not go gentle” because at least that is a direct quote from Dylan Thomas (though I probably would have been annoyed at his use of Dylan Thomas)). I was particularly bothered by the corporate conglomerate quips, because that is do easy. Atwood annoyed me for the same reasons in The Year of the Flood. Not sure why they’re at all esteemed. But, oh well!

    • Kerry says:

      Thanks, Trevor. It is hard to give Shteyngart credit for using a Dylan Thomas quote that has been used in such esteemed places as the movies Back to School and Dangerous Minds. Still, I would rather have caught it than not, which I didn’t. Thanks for pointing it out. And, I still don’t like it as a stand alone phrase, though I see why Thomas used “Do not go gentle into that good night” rather than “Do not go gently into that good night”. Bah on me.

  2. My Shteyngart experience ended at about page 12 of Absurdistan. By that point, I was already aware that for me his “satire” was lazy, self-indulgent writing, more inclined to produce annoyance at his sloppiness than any worthwhile response. If I had ever opened this book, I’m certain I would share your page 3 responses (which confirm my Absurdistan experience).

    • Kerry says:

      Thank you, Kevin.

      “lazy, self-indulgent writing” seems to cover it for me. Shteyngart and I have wildly divergent senses of humor. I am always glad to know I am in good company in my dislikes.

  3. marco says:

    All the blogger reviews I’ve read have been unanimous in their contempt – in fact yours is probably the most nuanced and positive, allowing as it does for the possibility that someone might find the book worth the effort. Even the worldbuilding aspects you mention seem rather clichéd and predictable – definitely not a good sign if they’re the best part of the book.

    • Kerry says:

      Thanks for the comment. As I had a very negative opinion of the book, I thought I should try to find some positive aspects as some people (John Warner at the ToB) really enjoyed it. Partly, it was an exercise in seeing if I could understand what was done well (something must’ve been as Shteyngart gets accolades from The New Yorker and other reputable literary outlets). There are definitely cliched and predictable aspects to his world-building, but it is, at least, a minutely imagined world.

      I cannot give my recommendation to it, but I can at least see how someone else might like it if a company named AlliedWasteCVSCitigroup makes that hypothetical person chuckle rather than roll their eyes.

  4. anokatony says:

    Unlike KFC, I did plow through “Absurdistan”, but didn’t much care for it at all. Thus have little interest in trying “Super Sad Love Story”. Nothing is less funny than a book that is supposed to be humorous but isn’t.

  5. Christ it sounds obvious.

    The conglomerate name thing is lame. What happens in real life is usually that names get dropped off the end. So if Bowman Case McKenzie merges with Tripe, Turner and McLoud the result is probably Bowman Tripe.

    Similarly if Price Waterhouse merges with say Coopers and Lybrand the result is PriceWaterhouseCoopers, not PriceWaterhouseCoopersLybrand.

    Obviously I risk killing the joke by letting reality in on it, but it’s a mercy killing.

    The Whitney Houston thing is dodgy. I really don’t like that song at all, but it is perfectly enunciated. He’s not therefore satirising what is, he’s satirising a caricature of what is. A double satire. I’m not sure that works because his targets aren’t real, he’s satirising stuff that only exists in his head in the first place.

    I thought the quoted email wholly unconvincing personally.

    Anyway, ugh. I have Absurdistan at home and had doubts about whether I was going to read it. I’ll skim it to take a view but the odds on it getting into my TBR pile have just gone down markedly.

    As anokatony rightly says, there’s few things less funny than an unfunny attempt at comedy.

    • Kerry says:

      Obviousness kills humor, particularly, as you point out, when it mismatches reality.

      I could be wrong about the e-mail. Maybe it is painful to read not because it is a plausible reconstruction of future teens’ dialogue but because it isn’t. I can attest that it is painful to read, particularly in e-mail chains.

      I have not read Absurdistan, but your plan to skim before giving it a spot on the TBR sounds wise.

  6. JW says:

    I listened to SSTLS at the same time as I was reading Goon Squad (okay, not exactly at the same time), so I wasn’t sure if that was why I didn’t particularly like SSTLS. The characters in Goon Squad are so much more sympathetic. Egan crafts them, their relationships, and their struggles with so much care and heart that my interest in them dwarfed my feelings for Lenny and Eunice.

    Well, I did have feelings for Lenny and Eunice. I didn’t like either one of them. That’s certainly Shteyngart’s point, that this near-future world turns us all into selfish and anxious creatures, but I usually don’t enjoy reading novels with unsympathetic characters.

    I am, however, glad that I read the book. His near-future world is so palpably nearly here that I was really impacted by it. I don’t really buy a lot of the political and economic stuff, but the way the apparat shapes the inner and outer lives of the characters can be seen all around us today. It’s something more novelists are going to have to deal with if they are to write in a contemporary setting. Shteyngart deserves credit for tackling this, even if it is a bit of a caricature at times.

    Which brings us back to Goon Squad. The last two chapters gave us a much more optimistic (and perhaps more realistic) portrait of how technology is shaping us and we are using it to express ourselves. Reading it at the same time as SSTLS kept me from falling into a deep depression.

    Allow me one more comment on the reception of SSTLS. I honestly have not followed book blogs (mistake rectified!), so I was not aware that SSTLS got such a terrible reception in the blogosphere. I did, however, read accolades in reviews in print publications. Could those accolades be due in part to Shteyngart’s place in a New York-centered literary social scene that book bloggers are removed from?

    • Kerry says:

      I apologize for being slow on a response to your comment, JW.

      You make some good points, particularly about how Shteyngart has attempted to demonstrate how social networking/media shapes the consciousness of those who use it (hence, almost all of us). I was not convinced he got it right, nor did I ever feel that his world was “nearly here”, though I did get the sense that Shteyngart was breathlessly eager for me to feel that. Too much of the humor and near-future stuff was, to me, contrived and obvious rather than insightful and clever. But, obviously, experiences differ.

      I am actually pleased to read someone who enjoyed it and is able to express why in a way that makes me think that maybe there is something to the book, even if it and I are not made for each other.

      I assumed the accolades were, in part, based on Shteyngart’s darling status in the literati because I saw this as a very flawed book. Maybe I a wrong on that count.

  7. Karene says:

    This review, the comments… dagnammit, it reminds me of the sketch in The Simpsons where Homer fends off a panel of nerds, one of whom demands to know why “in episode 2F09, when Itchy plays Scratchy’s skeleton like a xylophone, he strikes the same rib twice in succession, yet he produces two clearly different tones. I mean, what are we to believe, that this is some sort of a… (sniggering)… magic xylophone or something? Boy, I really hope somebody got fired for that blunder.”

    I advise you spend the next few months analyzing page 4 of the book. Maybe you can write a dissertation on the subject.

    For the record, I’ve never read Shteyngart’s work before. I loved this book.

    • Kerry says:

      I find satisfying the fact that my review reminded you of something pleasant. Thank you, also, for sharing a Simpsons memory.

      Regretfully, I will have to decline your invitation to revisit SSTL.

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